Encyclopedia of Drugs, Alcohol & Addictive Behavior, Volume 1: A-C (3rd Edition)

Encyclopedia of Drugs, Alcohol & Addictive Behavior, Volume 1: A-C (3rd Edition)

Language: English

Pages: 494


Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

The Encyclopedia of Drugs, Alcohol, and Addictive Behavior, 3rd edition updates and expands upon the award-winning second edition of this set, addressing social, medical, legal, and political issues related to substance use and addictive behavior. New essays report on contemporary socio-political topics such as the role of drugs and alcohol in the media, the prevalence of drugs in the international sports and fashion industries, the relationship between drug trafficking and terrorism, and the impact of the Internet on drug and alcohol use. The third edition also expands international coverage of historical and modern perspectives on drug, alcohol, and tobacco use in more than 30 countries and regions, including the Caribbean, the Middle East, and China. Many of the 545 topical entries are enhanced by statistical charts, graphs, tables, and photographs.

Published by Macmillan Reference USA, this new edition was developed under the guidance of Editors Pamela Korsmeyer and Henry R. Kranzler. Pamela Korsmeyer has written about addiction, drug control and federal policy, as well as on international development. Dr. Kranzler is a professor of psychiatry and program director of the General Clinical Research Center at the University of Connecticut School of Medicine. He has authored or co-authored more than 300 journal articles, book chapters, and other publications.

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anhedonia. This body) also have anorectic actions, in that they inhibit may explain why major depression is the most food intake—these include cholecystokinin, gluca- common comorbid psychiatric disorder in patients gon, and the bombesin-like peptides. E N C Y C L O P E D I A O F D R U G S , A L C O H O L & A D D I C T I V E B E H A V I O R , 3 R D E D I T I O N 169 Encyclopedia of Drugs, Alcohol & Addictive Behavior, 3rd Edition, Vol 1 - Finals/10/13/2008 17:46 PM Page 170 A N O R E X I

drug control efforts to Border control in the United States was described eliminate or reduce drug threats. The executive in the ODAP review as an extremely complex prob- boards ensure that threat-specific strategies and lem involving vast distances, many modes of trans- initiatives are developed, employed, supported, portation, millions of arrivals and departures, and and evaluated. HIDTA-designated counties include millions of tons of cargo. Laws to be enforced approximately 14

high attrition rates. Further, these studies are not in the CHRM2 gene and a general externalizing randomized or well-controlled, do not verify patient factor comprised of alcohol and drug dependence, reports of symptoms, and/or do not measure key antisocial personality disorder, conduct disorder, treatment outcomes and effects (Tiet & Mausbach, and the personality traits of novelty seeking and 2007); across studies diagnostic definitions may also sensation seeking; the association was

presence of methamphetamine. However, preva- as disorderly conduct or driving while impaired, it is lence rates exceeded 10 percent both for adult not generally associated with predatory crime. female arrestees in 12 sites and for adult male arrestees in 9 sites. Marijuana. Research on the relationship between marijuana use and crime has found that the use of Psychedelic Substances. Most studies investigat- marijuana is not associated with an increase in ing the relationship between

promising. Specifically, treatment among older adults: The cardiovascular health study. outcomes for older adults have been shown to be Obesity, 15(7), 1758–1765. comparable or significantly better than outcomes Dufour, M. C., Archer, L., & Gordis, E. (1992). Alcohol and among younger adults (Lemke & Moos, 2003; the elderly. Clinical Geriatric Medicine, 8(1), 127–141. Oslin et al., 2002; Satre et al., 2004). Thus, despite Gerbino, P. P. (1982). Complications of alcohol use popular

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